The first computers cost millions of dollars and were locked inside rooms equipped with special electrical circuits and air conditioning.
The only people who could use them had been trained to write programs in that specific computer’s language.
Today, gesture-based interactions, using multitouch pads and touchscreens, and exploration of virtual 3D spaces allow us to interact with digital devices in ways very similar to how we interact with physical objects.
In the winter of 2004, 28-year-old Nathan Copeland suffered an accident that left him unable to feel any sensation in his arms and fingers. But a decade later, he has now been able to regain his sense of touch through a mind-controlled robotic arm that is directly connected to his brain.
In the CNS lab (UNT), brain-computer interfaces (BCIs; click here for example) allow for communication between a user’s brain and a given simulation (e.g., virtual worlds; adaptive virtual environments; video games). The BCIs are being applied in rehabilitation/training, neuropsychological assessment, and social cognitive neuroscience projects. Existing research in BCI applications includes two primary areas:
Background: Brain–computer interface (BCI) devices are being investigated for their application in stroke rehabilitation, but little is known about how structural changes in the motor system relate to behavioral measures with the use of these systems.
Objective: This study examined relationships among diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-derived metrics and with behavioral changes in stroke patients with and without BCI training.
Future neuroprosthetics will be tightly coupled with the user in such a way that the resulting system can replace and restore impaired upper limb functions because controlled by the same neural signals than their natural counterparts. However, robust and natural interaction of subjects with sophisticated prostheses over long periods of time remains a major challenge. To tackle this challenge we can get inspiration from natural motor control, where goal-directed behavior is dynamically modulated by perceptual feedback resulting from executed actions.
Current brain-machine interfaces (BMI) partly emulate human motor control as they decode cortical correlates of movement parameters –from onset of a movement to directions to instantaneous velocity– in order to generate the sequence of movements for the neuroprosthesis.
International researchers are reporting that they have built the first human-to-human brain-to-brain interface, allowing two humans — separated by the internet — to consciously communicate with each other, with no additional sensory cues. One researcher, attached to a brain-computer interface (BCI) in India, successfully sent words into the brain of another researcher in France, who was wearing a computer-to-brain interface (CBI).
Progress in non-invasive electroencephalography (EEG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) research, development and innovation has accelerated in recent years. New brain signal signatures for inferring user intent and more complex control strategies have been the focus of many recent developments. Major advances in recording technology, signal processing techniques and clinical applications, tested with patient cohorts as well as non-clinical applications have been reported.
While most drones currently come with a video-game-style controller, one scientific study has taken drone operation technology one step further. It offers a look into a fascinating new territory that will shapecreative thinking and the future of digital marketing.
Panagiotis Artemiadis, director of the Human-Oriented Robotics and Control Lab at Arizona State University, has demonstrated that it’s possible for us to control not just one but multiple drones with our minds.
Rio might just be the most dubious, tattered Olympics yet. Billions in blood money, a global Zika pandemic waiting to happen, corruption and scandal loom over the Brazilian city. And the headlines are getting more depressing every day. Not even FIFA comes close to this mockery.
So, if you’re of the same opinion as me, then you’ll be probably boycotting this event. What ZME Science suggest is you support a far more noble competition — the first edition of the Cybathlon.